Choosing the Right Fruit Tree
The type of tree that’s right for you and your situation depends primarily on your climate, the space you have, and the type of fruit you like. Here are some examples for the Colorado Springs and Manitou Springs regions:
|Tree||Space Required||Sun / Soil||Fruit Season||Considerations|
|Apple||5 to 18′ normal
4 to 8′ dwarf
|Full / Loamy||August – October||Most varieties will not pollinate themselves. Check for a self-pollinating version or plant two types near each other.|
|Plum|| 20 to 25′ normal
|Full / Loamy||May – October||Many varieties will not pollinate themselves. Check for a self-pollinating version or plant two types near each other.|
|Peach||15 to 20′ normal
|Full / Sandy||June – August||Pruning plays an important role in fruit production and healthy tree growth. Check with your arborist for appropriate tips to encourage growth.|
|Crabapple|| 15 to 20′ normal
|Full / Acidic||May – October||Normally considered a decorative tree, fruit can be sour and inedible. Fruit season varies by variety.|
These are just a few examples of fruit trees that do well in our area. Colorado Springs and Manitou Springs are primarily located in the Agricultural Hardiness Zones 5b and 6a. Check your specific neighborhood before you plant any trees as this can affect how well your trees thrive and produce fruit.
FRUIT TREE FERTILIZATION
Fruit tree fertilization depends on the the type of tree you have. Most young trees come with planting and fertilization instructions, but you want to consider these factors:
- Does your fruit tree require a different species to cross-pollinate?
- How important are bees or other agents to your pollination process?
- Do you need to provide the tree with specific resources during pollination season, such as added nitrogen?
Make sure that you are informed about the right approach to fertilization for your trees, as this stage is critical to your tree’s productivity. Questions? We can help!
Keeping your fruit tree health and free of pests and diseases is important to its productivity and lifespan. Here is some information on pests and diseases to watch for by tree type, as well as tips for sustainable pest management.
|Apple||Common pests include: apple maggot flies, plum curculio, and codling moth||Apple trees are suceptible to apple scab.|
|Plum||Suceptible to the plum curculios, a variety of beetle common in the US||Plum tree diseases include: black knot, plum pocket plum disease, brown rot, plum pox, perennial canker, plum tree leaf spot|
|Peach||Pests include: Oriental Fruit Moth, Peach Twig Borer, Plum Curculio, Western Flower Thrips, Spotted Wing Drosophila, Plant bugs and Stink bugs, Peach Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly||Suceptible to bacterial spot, brown rot, peach leaf curl, peach scab, peach yellows|
|Crabapple||Pests such as: aphids, Japanese beetles, mites, leafminer and leafroller caterpillars||Suceptible to these diseases: botryosphaeria canker, fire blight, scab, cedar-apple cedar-quince, cedar-hawthorn, Japanese apple rust, frogeye leafspot|
TIPS FOR PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT
- Check your trees regularly. Early prevention and identification of pest and disease issues is key to sustainable pest management.
- Prune according to arborist recommendations, and during the winter time. This is when it is easiest to see pest or disease issues.
- Do not use pesticide without consulting your arborist first.
GROW A FRUIT TREE EFFICIENTLY
Whether you decide to grow a fruit tree for decorative purposes or for the fruit itself, you will have best success as an informed tree owner. Choose the right tree for your space, learn about appropriate fertilization techniques, and make sure to stay on top of pest management. We are here to support you as the tree owner! Feel free to schedule a free consultation to get great advice on how to care for your fruit trees.